By: Bob van der Valk
June 5, 2012
Dateline: Terry, Montana

The Irving Oil refinery in St. John, New Brunswick, Canada became the third oil refinery on the East coast to receive 72,000 barrels of Bakken crude oil in a delivery on June 2, 2012.

Irving Oil owns and operates a 300,000 barrrels per day (b/d) refinery and Bakken light, sweet crude delivery is expected to complement the refinery’s feedstocks, which could include both sweet and/or sour crude oil. Bakken crude should help boost St. John refinery’s refining profit margin known in the industry as the crack spread. Bakken crude oil is currently priced at about from $7 to $10 a barrel discount to the benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil. Railroad tank car freight charges run at about 12-$15 a barrel to the East coast.

Irving could receive about 10,000-15,000 b/d of Bakken Oil crude when the rail delivery operations stabilize in Canada.

The other two Northeast refineries receiving limited volumes of Bakken crude are Phillips 66’s 238,000-b/d Bayway refinery via Global Partners and Sunoco’s 330,000-b/d Philadelphia refinery via Sunoco Logistics.

Bayway refinery is expected to raise its Bakken crude oil intake to about 57,000
b/d in the summer. The Philadelphia refinery is receiving about 20,000-30,000 b/d of Bakken crude oil, and volume could increase in the future, depending on the fate of the
Philadelphia refinery sale to Delta Airlines.

North Dakota March crude oil production jumped by 10.14% from the previous month to 575,489 b/d, according to the latest data issued by the North Dakota State Industrial Commission. About 95% of North Dakota crude production is from the Bakken field.

The information in this article was previously published by Oil Price Information Service (OPIS).

Bob van der Valk is a petroleum industry analyst working and living in Terry, Montana. He can be contacted at (406) 853-4251 or e-mail:

His viewpoints about the petroleum industry are posted on his web page at:

By: Bob van der Valk
Dateline: Terry, Montana
May 17, 2012

North Dakota March crude oil production jumped by 10.14% in April 2012 from the previous month to 575,489 b/d, according to latest data issued by the North Dakota State Industrial Commission.

About 95% of North Dakota crude production is from the Bakken field. The significant production increase pushes North Dakota ahead of Alaska as the second-highest crude producing state in the US.

They expected to surpass Alaska by the end of this year, but that came a lot sooner than expected, mainly because North Dakota production is rising quickly and Alaska (output) is declining,

Oil producers were eyeing the Bakken oil field in 2006, but production only began to pick up at a serious pace in 2009. North Dakota will continue to raise its crude production volume over the next few years.

High demand for the price-advantaged high quality crude oil barrels has produced some 17 operating trans-loading facilities in the Bakken oil fields of Eastern Montana and North Dakota. That number is expected to grow significantly in the near term as more projects are underway.

The specially equipped facilities allow truck deliveries of crude to be trans-loaded into rail tanker cars or barges for long-distance shipments to coastal markets.

However, in the Bakken, the crude oil trans-loading facilities offer only truck-to-rail services provided by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe railroad.

Players in the Bakken market include Northern Tier, Basin Transload, High Sierra, Centennial Energy, Rangeland Energy, Great Northern Midstream, North Dakota Port Services, Dakota Plains Transport, Plains, True Companies, Hawthorn Oil, Kinder Morgan/Watco, Hess, Savage and US development.

Their trans-loading facilities in the Bakken deliver the bulk of their shipments to Cushing, OK and the Gulf Coast, with limited flow to the Northeast and West Coast refineries.

Bakken oil crude production is currently right at 550,000-600,000 barrels per day (b/d) and is expected to go to more than 1 million b/d by 2015.

A video criticizing the current U.S. administration’s business and energy policies has gone viral, as American gear up for election season.

Americans For Limited Government (ALG), a non-partisan group, launched ‘If I wanted America to fail’, inspired by Paul Harvey’s essay, If I Were The Devil, slamming President Obama’s policies on a raft of issues, from housing to mining.

The video starts with the haunting words:

“If I wanted America to fail, to follow, not lead; to suffer, not prosper; to despair, not dream; I’d start with energy.
I’d cut off America’s supply of cheap abundant energy.
I couldn’t take it by force.
I’d make Americans feel guilty for using energy that heats their homes, fuels their cars, runs their businesses and powers their economy.
I’d make cheap energy expensive so that expensive energy would seem cheap.
I would empower unelected bureaucrats to outlaw America’s most abundant sources of energy.
After banning its use in America, I would make it illegal for American companies to ship it overseas….”

manufacturing; architecture and construction; health science; law, public safety, corrections, and security; and transportation, distribution, and logistics. United Tribes Technical College (UTTC) in Bismarck, N.D., has received an $18.9 million grant to lead a group of tribal colleges in building career development programs that meet local and regional employers’ needs for highly skilled workers. The grant was awarded through the inaugural round of the Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training Program, an initiative by the U.S. Departments of Labor and Education to support career development partnerships and programs at community and technical colleges. In its initial round, the program awarded a total of nearly $500 million to 32 institutions. UTTC was the only tribal college among the grant recipients.

The grant to UTTC will fund a three-year initiative called Tribal College Consortium for Developing Montana and North Dakota Workforce, or TCC DeMaND, that is designed to build degree programs that align with the workforce needs of local and regional employers, particularly employers in the region’s booming oil industry. UTTC, in partnership with three other tribal colleges in North Dakota and Eastern Montana—Aaniih Nakoda College in Harlem, Mont.; Cankdeska Cikana Community College in Fort Totten, N.D.; and Fort Peck Community College in Poplar, Mont.—will create or enhance degree or certification programs in five targeted industries: manufacturing; architecture and construction; health science; law, public safety, corrections, and security; and transportation, distribution, and logistics. Specific new degree programs the colleges plan to create include welding, certified nurse assistant, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, and hazardous materials and hazardous waste operations.

SOURCE (2012-4-12) Retrieved 2012-4-24.
SOURCE (2012-4-1) Retrieved 2012-4-24.

Bakken Oil Field, Shale Formation, Petroleum, Keystone XL PipelineTERRY, MONTANA – The word “passionate” is the one word comes to mind immediately upon first meeting documentary filmmaker Ann McElhinney. She shared her current passion explaining hydraulic fracturing or shale oil and gas by showing a sneak peak of her film “FrackNation” to a crowd of over 50 people.

The event was held Thursday night, April 12th at the MidRivers community meeting room in Glendive, MT, which was hosted by “The Eastern Montana Patriots Organization” (TEMPO) and sponsored by the “Montana Policy Institute” (MPI).

Carl Graham, who is the CEO of MPI and made the introduction of Ann McElhinney, said she was asked to speak to the mostly Eastern Montana audience in attendance to raise awareness about hydraulic fracturing and its consequences.

“Competing documentaries are made from different viewpoints,” is how Ann McElhinney describes the film she and her husband are in the middle of making. “FrackNation”will be about the oil industry’s safe practices of hydraulic fracturing known as fracking.

It will also respond to “Gasland,” a film made by Josh Fox, which raised concerns about the safety of hydraulic fracturing. It shows the purported affects in areas of our country where methane is released along with the drinking water with hydraulic fracking. This affect of nature has been occurring in the area of the Marcellus Shale formation in Pennsylvania for the last 400 years.The Glendive presentation was her only stop in Montana after she toured the area around the Bakken and Three Forks oil shale developments. She has already given presentations in Minot and Bismarck, ND before heading home for Hollywood and back with her husband Phelim Mcaleer, who is the co-producer of their latest documentary.

“Towns like Glendive, Baker, Circle and Terry are going to have their growing pains, but I don’t think anyone wants the oil production to go away”. Most of the people she met on her tour have given her great encouragement to go through with her project in order to straighten out the misinformation being published by the environmentalist groups who are against any kind of fossil fuel production.

McElhinney pointed out major discrepancies featured in “Gasland”. She told her very attentive Glendive crowd how the water in Dimock, PA has been flammable for hundreds of years. Controversy has been brewing between the eleven families suing the oil companies and the other 1500 families not willing to join the class action lawsuit and the negative publicity brought on by all the media attention from the GasLand film.

McElhinney also commented about the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ruling frequently against hydraulic fracturing and just reversed its decisions in Pavillion, WY, Fort Worth, TX, and Dimock, PA. The anti-fracking ruling and threat or huge potential fines are costing the oil and gas exploration millions of dollars in legal costs.

McElhinney and her husband produced several other documentaries debunking environmentalists’ cases against different issues, such as mining in Romania.

“If not fossil fuels, then what do we use for our daily energy consumption?”

She sought out the Sierra Club, GreenPeace and the National Wildlife Association for special skepticism in their well funded attempts to halt all oil drilling anywhere to make the US no longer dependent on fossil fuels. Her question to them is: “If not fossil fuels, then what do we use for our daily energy consumption?”

The premiere of the movie “The China Syndrome” coincided with the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant disaster. It doomed nuclear energy as one of the alternative energy sources for the immediate future and not one new nuclear power plant has been built since March 1972.

“Environmentalists are terrifying average people with well made movies and making documentaries presenting untrue facts, which are easily debunked with the truth.”

Ann McElhinney saved her real harsh words about Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) current dealings with sustainability. Sustainability has emerged as a result of significant concerns about the unintended social, environmental, and economic consequences of rapid population growth, economic growth and consumption of our natural resources.

In its early years, EPA acted primarily as the nation’s environmental watchdog, striving to ensure that industries met legal requirements to control pollution. In subsequent years, EPA began to develop theory, tools, and practices that enabled it to move from controlling pollution to preventing it.

Today EPA aims to make sustainability the next level of environmental protection by drawing on advances in science and technology to protect human health and the environment, and promoting innovative green business practices.

Greg Cross, owner of Cross Petroleum in Glendive, MT, attended this sneak preview. He commented after the presentation: “The movie is not yet set for release but the promo was excellent. The lessons learned are simple; the anti-fossil fuels crowd is winning the propaganda battle as most of the pro- side is busy making a living and most important we can win IF we can maximize our involvement in social networking, i.e. Twitter and FaceBook to make our opinions known we can make a difference.”

He further said: “My thoughts are that we should have a break-out session during our convention to set up and teach us how to take advantage of this opportunity. Frack Nation tweeted and FaceBooked to raise almost $250,000 in a very short time to finance their documentary on We first need someone to teach us in layman’s terms how to Tweet and FaceBook on a computer or smart phone.”

Matt Damon, the actor, and Gus Van Sant, a prominent director, are making an anti-fossil propaganda film this summer which will likely become another Oscar nominee like Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient Truth”. The latter created fear in people about climate change having an immediate affect on our lives if we continue to depend on fossil fuels as our mainstay. Ann McElhinney and Phelim Mcaleer may also be nominated for an Oscar and perhaps even the Nobel Peace Prize for being so passionate about such a controversial subject as the telling of the real story behind hydraulic fracking.

Donations for the making of this documentary are still being accepted but the producers want to maintain full transparency and keep their film free from special interests. Monies to fund this project are not being accepted from oil companies or any of their senior executives. FrackNation is an independent film, wants to remain independent of the oil and gas production industry.

You can follow the progress made towards funding on as well as

Bob van der Valk lives in Terry, Montana and is a Petroleum Industry Analyst. He reports on fuel-related trends and events. You can reach him by e-mail or visit his blog.

On May 18th +/- 1239.74 total mineral acres located in McCone County will be offered to the public on the auction block.  Montana private mineral ownership holdings have historically been leased and traded through private negotiations. Mineral ownership interests are real property but do not carry the burden of property taxes. There are no costs to owning the mineral interests, and they have the potential to generate income from leases and production. This event should prove to be very interesting to landowners and the oil & gas industry.  Once again the oil patch has another exciting twist!  The Public is invited to attend this event.  The sale will be conducted in Sidney, Montana at the Elks Club on Friday May 18th, 2012 at 7:00 PM (123 3rd Street SW).  Interested parties may contact Russell Pederson of Montana Land Auctions, Inc for more details.  (406) 939-2501 or go to

Testimony of Karen A. Harbert
President & Chief Executive Officer
Institute for 21st Century Energy
U.S. Chamber of Commerce

Tuesday, April 17th, 2012

Thank you, Chairman Hall, Ranking Member Johnson, and members of the Committee. I am Karen Harbert, President and CEO of the Institute for 21st Century Energy (Institute), an affiliate of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is the world’s largest business federation, representing the interests of more than three million businesses and organizations of every size, sector and region.

The mission of the Institute is to unify policymakers, regulators, business leaders, and the American public behind common sense energy strategy to help keep America secure, prosperous, and clean. In that regard we hope to be of service to this Committee, this Congress as a whole, and the administration.

I appreciate this opportunity to discuss an issue area that gets very little coverage in the public policy debate, the potential benefits and the existing obstacles to greater development of the nation’s vast unconventional oil and natural gas resources. There has been much discussion about America’s oil reserves recently, but rarely does it accurately capture the full extent of our resources. The country’s unconventional oil resources are some of, if not the largest the world and one of the single greatest assets we as Americans possess.

We have hundreds of years of oil supply stored in unconventional formations in the United States. In fact, the three states of Colorado, Wyoming and Utah alone contain more oil from oil shale than all of the conventional oil contained in the Middle East. This resource is so vast that when made commercial, it has the real potential to completely alter the global oil markets and secure America’s energy future at the same time. Yet it is the current policy of our government to ignore the value of these resources, sacrificing the revenue, jobs and huge security dividends Americans would realize from developing them.

Historical Context

After the Arab oil embargo, the price of a barrel of oil almost doubled between 1973 and 1974. By 1980, the price of oil had increased more than tenfold since 1972. In response, the United States, along with most of the Western world, reshuffled its energy policy with a focus on weaning itself off imported oil to insulate it from another supply disruption. Efforts were made by the Department of Energy and private industry to begin a Research and Development (R&D) program to foster technology that could economically produce our unconventional oil resources, primarily focused on our vast oil shale deposits. Canada began similar programs to develop its huge supply of oil sands in Alberta.

However, between 1980 and 1986 oil prices declined by more than 60%, falling by nearly half between 1985 and 1986 alone. In the United States, this decline served as justification to stop virtually all federal R&D focused on unconventional oil. Canada however, maintained its commitment to developing unconventional resources and has seen oil production more than double between 1982 and 2008. Over that same period U.S. domestic oil production declined by 43%.

Yet in 2009, the United States began to see an increase in domestic oil production, the first year-to-year increase since 1985. Innovation in the private sector has generated this nascent renaissance. The combination of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling has catalyzed an energy revolution in America, enabling the economic production of trillions of cubic feet of natural gas from shale formations around the country. More recently industry has evolved these technologies further to produce millions of barrels of oil, putting us on a path that could quite possibly make the United States the largest oil producer in the world once again. If the federal government were to allow access to the country’s tremendous unconventional resources, our production levels could completely reshape the current geopolitical paradigm that has existed for more than 40 years.

These innovations originated in the oil fields of north Texas in the late 1970s, when an experienced and single-minded oilman named George Phydias Mitchell defied the conventional wisdom in the industry, the advice of his employees, and sometimes even the will of his shareholders and invested millions of dollars attempting to produce gas from the Barnett shale formation. Under his direction, Mitchell Energy pioneered the use hydraulic fracturing to unleash methane from this thin, but dense shale formation. Ultimately Devon Energy purchased Mitchell Energy in 2001 and married Mitchell’s experience fracking shale formations with its experience using horizontal drilling technology to make it the pioneer of shale exploration and production.

While it was risk-taking entrepreneurs in the private sector like George Mitchell who created these innovations, the federal government has also played a role in making the technology more efficient and safer, as well as accelerating its development. In 1991, the National Energy Technology Lab collaborated with Mitchell Energy’s first horizontal well in the Barnett and brought a significant body of technological knowledge and experience to Mitchell’s operation, informed by its own work in the Eastern Gas Shales Project started in 1976. The federal government lacks the mission or technical capability to develop these commercial technologies. First movers in industry tend to lack broader data and comparative experience that can be applied to use of their technology to improve efficiencies. Together though, cooperative work between the National Laboratories and the private sector has helped accelerate technological innovation. This is the same type of cooperation that Americans expect when it comes to the development of our unconventional oil assets, but are no longer receiving.

Federal Energy Policy Impact on Competitiveness

Current federal policies that hamper production not only threaten our energy security, but also severely undermine our competitiveness. The International Energy Agency (IEA) projects that global energy demand could increase by nearly 50% by 2035. It also projects that fossil fuels will account for 80% of the world’s energy supply, only slightly down from today’s 86%. Fossil fuels, and oil specifically, will continue to fuel the world’s economies, and countries that are realizing the most economic growth are thinking and acting strategically to ensure future supplies will be available to maintain economic growth and competitiveness.

International competitors are not only increasing their own production, but they are exploiting the tie between their governments and their oil companies to invest in new oil reserves in other countries. It is very difficult for a private corporation, no matter how large it may be, to compete against central governments. These other countries are taking positive steps to ensure they have the energy resources to fuel economic growth well into the future.

However, the United States is set on an opposite course. Under this administration, more than 86% of federal OCS lands and 83% of federal interior lands are completely off limits to energy exploration. In 2008, the Department of Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposed making up to 2 million acres of public lands available for commercial oil shale leasing in Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming and 431,000 acres available for oil sands leasing in Utah. In February 2012, the BLM retreated from that proposal and significantly reduced the acreage available for industry to undertake research and development activities. Specifically, BLM reduced the acreages for oil shale activities in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming by over threequarters, from 2 million to 461,965 acres. In addition, BLM reduced available acreage in eastern Utah for activities related to oil sands development by nearly 80%, from 431,000 to 91,045 acres.

Not only has the federal government been reducing access to the country’s energy resources, but it has also been making it more difficult and expensive to produce on the areas that remain available. New and proposed regulations will add to the cost of production, making it even less attractive for industry to invest and produce oil in the U.S. The largest publicly traded oil companies are increasingly looking overseas to the remaining areas that have not already been locked up by other countries’ national oil companies.

Demand for oil will continue to increase as the global economy recovers and the developing world’s thirst for energy only grows. The claim that U.S. oil production is rising is accurate but the reason is even more telling. Production of oil from federal lands is down 11% from 2011 compared to 2010 but has increased by 14% on private and state lands. The picture is equally as lopsided for production of natural gas, which is down 6% on federal lands but is up 12% on private lands. The most significant reserves are located on public lands so this trend is not sustainable over the long term. Without increased access to federal resources, we will see a return to more of our demand being met by imports.

And, of course, we are paying more for what we do import. Our net imports of petroleum and related products rose to $331 billion in 2011, accounting for 60% of our total trade deficit and about two-thirds of the trade deficits increase from 2010.

In short, America’s access to oil, our predominant source of energy, is declining at home and abroad. The same cannot be said for our global competitors, and our ability to compete, generate investment and revenue and foster economic growth is tremendously diminished as a result.

Market Influence on Innovation and Production

The recent significant increase in domestic oil production has not occurred in a vacuum. It is important to note that geologists have been aware of the shale resources that have spurred increased domestic production for decades. However, it was not until sustained increases in global demand put oil prices on a relatively predictable upwards trajectory did it become economical to commercially deploy the new technology to produce shale oil resources at the levels we are now seeing.

After oil prices climbed to a record-high $143 per barrel in July 2008, the U.S. and the world entered an economic recession that significantly curbed demand, causing oil prices to plummet 60% over the next seven months. Since then, much of the world began positive economic growth again, led by developing economies like China and India, resulting in a gradual increase in oil prices until last year. Over the past three years, we have seen oil prices triple. However, because demand was down in the U.S. and the increase was gradual, most Americans did not really notice it until recently. The recent political turmoil in North Africa and the Persian Gulf created fears of further instability and supply disruptions, and prices climbed precipitously. It is important to understand that even if the political unrest subsides and global supplies are unaffected, increased global demand has essentially recalibrated the oil market. Given today’s market fundamentals, it is difficult to see prices returning to the low prices seen in 2009.

This presumption has created a level of certainty necessary for the private sector to invest billions of dollars over the past three years in oil-bearing shale formations. It also creates the necessary certainty for the private sector to invest in our other unconventional resources like oil shale and oil sands if it were allowed access to those resources.

Impacts of Fuel Prices on Business & the Economy

Fuel prices have taken an increasingly central role in the political and legislative debate over the last few months, and for good reason—it is a drag on economic growth and acts as an effective tax on American families and business. The cost of transporting goods, getting to work and even driving to the grocery store has increased 140% since January, 2009.

Every one cent increase in the price of gasoline costs Americans roughly an additional $1 billion per annum. The average American household spent $4,155 on gasoline in 2011, consuming 8.4% of median household income, the highest since 1981. Additionally, each $10 increase in oil prices can knock a few tenths of a percent off any increase in GDP. The quicker the increase, the more pronounced the impact on economic growth. Because of the recent global recession, the cumulative amount of money spent on oil has become a larger share of global GDP since most other areas of economic output have remained constant or declined. In 2011 oil accounted for more than 5% of global GDP, a level not seen since 2008 when oil was selling at $150. Based on 2012 projections from IEA, oil’s share of GDP could approach 6% in 2012, the highest mark since the tumultuous 1970s.

Higher energy prices erode expendable income for America’s families and marginal profits for America’s businesses. At a time where we are just beginning to realize positive economic growth again, these price increases can have a profoundly negative impact. U.S. policy alone cannot recalibrate global oil markets on its own. However, U.S. policy can absolutely have a positive impact on U.S. prices just as it has had a negative impact.

As energy costs increase, businesses have less money to pay employees, new or existing. If prices remain elevated long enough, the unemployment rate can be expected to rise. This, of course, would be on top of the current prolonged high unemployment rate. As the administration and some in Congress have made calls to raise taxes on the oil and gas industry, it is also important to remember the consumer and job impacts such policies would have.

While it is factually accurate to say that there are very few mechanisms at the federal government’s disposal to lower fuel prices immediately, it is not accurate that the government can do nothing to affect prices in the future. A signal to the global energy market that the U.S. is committed to accelerating the development of its vast conventional and unconventional oil resources would not go unnoticed. It is also not true that increased U.S. production could never be large enough to impact global prices and any claim to the contrary demonstrates either unawareness of the country’s massive unconventional oil resources or a willful attempt to hide our potential. One need only look back to the first half 1980s to see the impact the addition of oil production from Alaska’s North Slope and other areas such as the North Sea had on putting downward pressure on the world price of oil, contributing to the collapse in global price in 1986. The acceleration of oil sands production in Alberta in the early 2000s is another, more recent example. Similarly, our unconventional resources have the potential to be the gamechanger the U.S. economy needs and upon which our future competitiveness can depend.

Potential Benefits of Increased Unconventional Production

According to a recent Inventory of U.S. Energy Resources produced by the Institute for Energy Research from official U.S. government data, the country has an estimated 2.7 trillion barrels of in-place oil shale and oil sands resources, more than 80% of which is located on federal lands. At current levels of consumption, these resources would meet our demand for more than 380 years. These resources are twice the size of the entire world’s proven conventional oil reserves of 1.3 trillion barrels. However, current technology would only allow for production of a fraction of the total resources. The Energy Information Administration estimates that the Green River Formation in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming contains 800 billion barrels of recoverable oil.

A white paper released last month1 by Anton Dammer and James Bunger updates previous government estimates and finds that by developing our oil shale and oil sands resources as Congress instructed in 2005, over the next 25 years we could realize a gain in oil production of 1.1 billion barrels, increase economic growth by $153 billion, increase government revenue by $31 billion, and avoid sending overseas $129 billion for imported oil.

The paper noted that original government estimates that were delivered to Congress in 2007 were much higher but the current administration has been adversarial to development of these resources, eroding any progress that had been made in the previous administration. The paper recounts that a Task Force consisting of the Departments of Interior, Energy, and Defense had worked to fulfill Congress’ mandate through 2008. The Task Force inventoried unconventional resources, current R&D work being conducted, and the state of current technology and recommended a strategic plan for accelerating the development of these resources. Additionally, the Department of Interior finalized a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS), produced a Resource Management Plan, promulgated new leasing regulations, and awarded six Research, Development, and Demonstration leases to industry. Implementation of Congress’ mandate was on underway and on schedule at the end of 2008.

Since then, the current administration has essentially killed this effort against the will of Congress. The Department of Interior has withdrawn the leasing program, publicly suggested that terms of existing leases and the Resource Management Plan are under review, and chose not to defend itself in a lawsuit that has killed the leasing program. Moreover, the Unconventional Fuels Program at the Department of Energy has been de-funded and abandoned. The Department of Interior’s new PEIS severely limits new acreage. These actions have spoken loud and clear to the private sector…do not invest your capital in the development of unconventional oil production.

Similar to what has happened in the production of oil and natural gas from shale formations, industry has been forced to focus on development on state and private lands. While the current hydrocarbon boom demonstrates that industry’s innovation and perseverance can sometimes trump governmental obstinace, it should not have to do so. Our energy future is being compromised by the administration picking energy favorites and trumping the nation’s strategic interests.

Industry has developed many different potential methods to develop both oil sands and oil shale resources. In both cases hydrocarbons are trapped in no viscous elements. While oil sands contain producible hydrocarbons, oil shale must be chemically converted to produce hydrocarbons. Because Canada had the foresight to maintain a commitment to unconventional R&D and production, there is a tremendous body of commercial technology that supports oil sands production. As the technology has evolved, it has become more efficient and has considerably lessened its environmental impact. In fact, Albertan oil sands development has become so common-place that it no longer even merits the designation of “unconventional”.

In the initial stages of oil sands production, soil was mined from the surface and then manufactured into crude oil. Recently however, there has been a major shift towards in situ, or “in place” production, whereby heat either through steam or other mediums is applied to the oil sands bitumen to increase its viscosity to the point that it is produced via traditional oil drilling techniques. In situ production has significantly reduced land disturbance and environmental footprint. While U.S. oil sands are chemically divergent from those in Canada, the innovation and experience in Alberta provides a tremendous starting point for production here…if and when the government was to allow access to our oil sands resources.

Lack of access and economic conditions have prevented oil shale development technology from progressing as far as that for oil sands. However, like oil sands, crude oil can be produced from oil shale through surface mining or via in situ methods. Because shale is solid rock, oil shale kerogen must be exposed to higher temperatures to render its hydrocarbons. Industry does believe that knowledge gained in the Albertan oil sands will directly benefit development of U.S. oil shale…if and when the government was to allow access to our oil shale resources. Unlike production of oil and natural gas from shale formations, there is relatively little oil shale to develop on state and private lands. Without access to federal oil shale resources, industry has very little incentive to invest capital into technology when it has no reason to expect that it will ever be able commercially produce oil shale deposits and recoup its R&D investment.

As such, the policy pathway to realizing even a portion of this huge asset is to allow access to our unconventional resources for production. Congress made its will known through its overwhelmingly bipartisan support for the Energy Policy Act of 2005. This administration has ignored its mandate and refuses to move forward with production of unconventional oil on federal lands. Unless this near-sighted approach changes, our largest strategic assets will remain subterranean potential assets until this, or subsequent administrations decide to allow access to these strategic assets and secure our energy future.

New technologies change many things. But not everything. You may surf, shop and blog online, but you still read magazines. And you’re far from alone.

Readership has actually increased over the past five years. Even the 18-to-34 segment continues to grow. And typical young adults now read more issues per month than their parents. Rather than being displaced by “instant” media, it would seem that magazines are the ideal complement.

The explanation, while sometimes drowned out by the Internet drumbeat, is fairly obvious. Magazines do what the Internet doesn’t. Neither obsessed with immediacy nor trapped by the daily news cycle, magazine promote deeper connections. They create relationships. They engage us in ways distinct from digital media.

In fact, the immersive power of magazines even extends to the advertising. Magazines remain the number one medium for driving purchase consideration and intent. And that’s essential in every product category.

Including coffee.

– Magazines, The Power of Print.

www [dot] where can i get,… how do i find,… who’s hiring now,… a place to live ?

March 26, 2012 – LIVINGSTON, MONTANA.

For most of us in the “upper western” midwest, the term Bakken has become a household name. And for those who think it’s a reference to their morning breakfast of eggs and …; no, we’re not talkin’ BACON, we’re talkin’ BAKKEN, /′ba:kən′/. A quick recap for the “bacon” folks. The Bakken is an oil formation in the Williston Basin, underlying a significant portion of North Dakota, Montana, and Saskatchewan. Get this, it was named after a farmer, Henry Bakken, who owned the land in Williston, ND where the formation was intially discovered in 1951. So, why is everybody talkin’ about the Bakken now? One word, technology. Rock fracturing technology that is.

Geologists, state agencies and other industry experts have given us numbers from 2.1 billion barrels of significant producible oil in the Bakken, to recent figures of 18 billion barrels. “New rock fracturing technology available starting in 2008 has caused a recent boom in Bakken production. By the end of 2010 oil production rates had reached 458,000 barrels (72,800 m3) per day outstripping the capacity to ship oil out of the Bakken. The production technology gain has led a veteran industry insider to declare the USGS estimates are too low.”1  “…energy companies in January 2012 fracked more wells than they drilled for the first time in five months, suggesting oil output could grow even faster than last year’s 35% surge as a year-long shortage of workers and equipment finally begins to subside… “ 2  REPEAT: for the first time in five months, more wells were fracked than were drilled in January 2012 — this was the middle of the winter, when fracking generally slows down.

In a nutshell, the Bakken is experiencing a phenomenon of exponential growth. All this, in an area of the U.S. that is more than sparsely populated by layman’s terms; with the necessary businesses and services to support this growth only starting to come out of the woodwork. The state of North Dakota now has a billion-dollar budget surplus, and the lowest unemployment rate in the nation at 3.2%. 3  Many equate the booming Bakken to a Modern-Day Gold Rush  with people coming from all over the U.S., and the World, for work / business. It is that fundamental element of disconnectivity to “place” that the breakdown occurs for finding businesses or services in the Bakken. Where can i get,… how do i find,… who’s hiring now,… a place to live ?

Well, we’ve got the answer…, and it’s supporting print partner, the Bakken Oil Business Journal. The website is built to provide that “right now” connectivity with vendors, business associates and services in the Bakken… It’s like the “YELLOW PAGES” of the Bakken. Anyone that’s anybody doing business in the Bakken will want to be on the website. Delivering news, resources and information that is readily available to digest with your morning cup of coffee; via smartphone, laptop, tablet, or good ole fashioned, tried and true,… print magazine in hand.

The Bakken Oil Business Journal is a win-win combination of web and print; with a direct mail distribution built from grassroots connections of Local and National Companies doing business in the Bakken, Government Officials, Energy Expos & Petroleum Conferences, Petroleum Clubs and Associations, Oil Industry Career Fairs; coupled with a top-ranking SEO website complemented with Social Media Marketing.

The print journal and website offer an essential venue for Prime Editorial positioning on Political energy discussions, State Policies, the booming business of the Bakken, Product Introduction, etc… acting as a Bulletin for the oil industry at large.

1.  Wikipedia editors (2012-3-21). “Bakken formation”. Wikipedia. Retrieved 2012-3-23.
2.  “Insight: Natural gas pain is oil’s gain as frack crews head to North Dakota” (2012-3-19). Selam Gebrekidan Reuters. Chicago Tribune Business. Retrieved 2012-3-23.
3. “State Unemployment Rates for January 2012” (2012-3-13). U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Retrieved 2012-3-23.


This is a post by Piccolo, a petroleum engineer working in the petroleum industry.

The Bakken formation in North Dakota and Montana has generated a lot of buzz in the past year. Reserve numbers in the billions of barrels, even tens or hundreds of billions show up in press reports and blogs. Now the USGS has weighed in with a comprehensive assessment of the resource. So just how much will this oil accumulation help the world’s largest importer of oil? Is it time to relax or is this just another small blip in the long-term decline of domestic production? We’ll examine these questions and others below the fold, using data from the IHS database.

Figure 1 – Location of the Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin, adapted from

Overview of the Bakken

The Bakken formation is an oil-bearing strata covering parts of Montana, North Dakota, and Saskatchewan. Oil was first produced from the Bakken more than 50 years ago. Production was mainly from a few vertical wells until the 1980’s when horizontal technology became available. Only recently after the intensive application of horizontal wells combined with hydraulic fracturing technology did production really take off.

The Bakken is one of many hydrocarbon producing formations in the Williston Basin, a sedimentary basin covering parts of three states and two provinces. The total layer of sediments in the basin can be up to 15,000 ft thick, and within that, the Bakken itself reaches a maximum thickness of about 150 ft., but is thinner in most areas. The depth to the top of the Bakken can vary from a few thousand feet in Canada to more than 10,000 feet in the deeper areas in North Dakota. In terms of geologic age, it was deposited during the upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian periods about 360 million years ago. The entire stratigraphic column for the Williston Basin is shown below. Figure 2 indicates 15 primary producing formations in the basin, including the Bakken.

Figure 2 – Williston Basin stratigraphic column from Wikipedia

To learn more about the intricacies of the Bakken, continue reading here.